Dr.Iakovos Theodosiou MD.DipU
Unfortunately we do not have an easy marker for the recording of fat and for this reason we use the Body Mass Index or BMI to classify obesity as the first view in the general population knowing that thiw index does not reflect the body fat.
Body mass index (BMI), is given by the ratio of a person’s weight (in kilograms) divided by height squared (in meters).
- An individual with a BMI of 30 or more is considered obese.
- An individual with a BMI of less than 25 is considered overweight.
However, BMI does not give us information about the total fat or how distributed in our body, which is an important element as excess abdominal fat may affect the form of health problems.
A method of measuring the distribution of fat is waist circumference is what compatible prgmatiki pathplogia obesity. Waist circumference is unrelated to height and provides a simple and practical method of determination of overweight people who are at increased risk for diseases related to obesity. If a man has a waist circumference greater than 94-102 cm. And a woman more than 80-88 m., It means they have excess abdominal fat, and therefore at greater risk of developing health problems, even if their BMI is generally correct.
Based on the waistline, people are divided into two categories:
- People with android fat distribution, often called body type APPLE, and means that the majority of body fat is intra-abdominal, distributed around the stomach and chest and puts them at greater risk of diseases team event associated with obesity.
- People with feminine fat distributio, often called PEAR body type, meaning that most of their body fat is distributed around their hips, thighs and buttocks and owned the largest risk group event engineering problems (eg joints, thighs).
Obese men are more likely to belong to the category of body type “apple” while women are more likely to belong to the category of body type “pear”.
Overweight is important risk factors for a number of chronic diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer. Although we thought obesity was problem for high income countries, it seems lately that obesity and overweight are now dramatic rise in low- and middle-income countries, particularly in urban areas.